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dc.contributor.authorMelchiori, Franco Andrés
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-02T09:24:45Z
dc.date.available2015-02-02T09:24:45Z
dc.date.created2011
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dikaion.unisabana.edu.co/index.php/dikaion/article/view/2057es_CO
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dikaion.unisabana.edu.co/index.php/dikaion/article/view/2057/2584es_CO
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dikaion.unisabana.edu.co/index.php/dikaion/article/view/2057/2622es_CO
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10818/13572
dc.description.abstractThe use of Islamic veil for girls in public schools of France has aroused animportant discussion about laicism, multiculturalism and religious freedom.This debate was under the scrutiny of the European Court of HumanRights, which issued several judgments about the problem. The requirementof neutrality, the fundamental principle of laicism, allows that theState, supposing to protect the freedom of conscience of no religious people,confines the exercise of religious freedom to the strict boundaries ofprivate life. At the same time, while requiring neutrality, the State is tryingto impose in the public arena a sort of civil religion, depriving of the rightof expression in religion matters. These two elements could be found notonly in the fathers and current thinkers of laicism, but in authors that,without this enrollment, are finally supporting the same conclusions. Theprincipal mistake that is under that is a conception of freedom derived fromthe Illustrated liberalism, an error that in the end is derived of a limitedconception of the man. The pretensions of these doctrines are impossibleto perform, because the religion cannot be relegated to the interior of manwithout to force the freedom itself. If some States continue following theseideas, will be no limits in the violation of the individual freedoms. Therefore,instead to see the religion as a “toxic” element in the social sphere,the relationship between State and religion should be marked for a positivelaicism. That implies a legitimate autonomy between them and to recognizethe positive value of religion for the individual and social life, an elementthat is so valuable to the point that is consecrated as a human right.es_CO
dc.description.abstractEl uso del velo islámico por las niñas en Francia ha suscitado un importantedebate sobre el laicismo, el multiculturalismo y la libertad religiosa.Dicho debate ha llegado a la Corte Europea de Derechos Humanos, que hadictado varias sentencias relativas al mismo. La exigencia de neutralidad,principio fundamental del laicismo, permite que el Estado laico, en pos deproteger la libertad de conciencia de los no religiosos, relegue el ejerciciode la libertad religiosa al ámbito interno y que, al tiempo que exige neutralidad,pretenda imponer en el ámbito público una suerte de religión civil,negando el derecho a la libertad de expresión en materia religiosa. Estosdos elementos no solo están en los fundadores y en los representantesactuales del laicismo, sino que también pueden verse actualmente en autoresque, sin decirse laicistas, proponen relegar la propia convicción a loprivado y tener a nivel social una suerte de religión civil. El error fundamentalsubyacente radica en la concepción de libertad que han heredadodel liberalismo ilustrado, error que responde en última instancia a unalimitada concepción del hombre. Las pretensiones de estas posturas sonirrealizables, pues la religión no puede relegarse solo al interior del hombre,y si los Estados se afianzan en estas posturas no habrá límites en elavasallamiento de las libertades individuales. Por tanto, en lugar de ver ala religión como un elemento tóxico en la esfera social, la relación entre elEstado y la religión debe estar marcada por un laicismo positivo, de legítimaautonomía entre ambos, a la vez que de reconocimiento del valor positivode la religión para la vida individual y social, al punto de estar consagradacomo un derecho humano.es_CO
dc.language.isospaes_CO
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDíkaion; Vol 20, No 2 (2011): Cuestiones de Política y de Derecho Constitucional
dc.rightsThis journal and its contents are the property of Universidad de La Sabana and, therefore, may be accessed solely for reading or printing, as a personal copy, but not for profit. Prior authorization from Universidad de La Sabana is required for any other use, such as the reproduction, transformation, public communication or distribution of said material for a profit.The names and email addresses included in Aquichán shall be used solely for the declared purposes of this journal and shall not be made available for any other purpose or to any other person.The articles published in this journal represent the opinions of their authors and do not necessarily reflect the official position of Universidad de La Sabana.
dc.rightsA presente revista e seu conteúdo são propriedade da Universidade da Sabana e, consequentemente, só poderá se aceder a ela para leitura ou impressão, como cópia pessoal e sem fins lucrativos. Qualquer outra forma de utilização como reprodução, transformação, comunicação pública ou distribuição, com fins lucrativos, requer a autorização prévia da Universidade da Sabana.Os nomes e endereços de e-mail introduzidos nesta revista se usarão exclusivamente para os fins declarados e não estarão disponíveis para nenhum outro propósito ou outra pessoa.Os artigos que esta revista contém representam a opinião de seus autores e não constituem necessariamente a opinião da Universidade da Sabana.
dc.sourceUniversidad de La Sabanaes_CO
dc.sourceRepositorio Institucional de la Universidad de La Sabanaes_CO
dc.subjectHijabes_CO
dc.subjectConstitución
dc.subjectFrancia
dc.subjectDeclaración de Derechos del Hombre y del Ciudadano
dc.subjectCorte Europea de Derechos Humanos
dc.subjectConvenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos
dc.subjectLaicismo
dc.subjectLibertad de expresión
dc.subjectLibertad religiosa
dc.titleLaicismo y liberalismo como paradigmas de interpretación de los derechos humanos. Reflexiones sobre la configuración de la libertad religiosa a la luz del debate francés sobre el velo islámicoes_CO
dc.title.alternativeLaicism and Liberalism as Paradigms in the Interpretation of Human Rights. Reflections on the Configuration of the Religious Freedom in the Context of French Debate About the Islamic Veil
dc.typearticlees_CO
dc.type.hasVersionpublishedVersiones_CO
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess


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